What Does NxGen MDx Screen For?
We screen for up to 120 genetic disorders that can affect your pregnancy, the health of your baby, and your family's future. You can learn more about our various screens — and which sets of screens (or "panels") align with where you are in your reproductive journey.
Glycogen Storage Disease Type II (Pompe Disease)
What Your Test Results Mean:
Carriers are not expected to show symptom. You and your partner or donor would both have to be carriers of glycogen storage disease type II for there to be an increased chance to have a child with symptoms; this is known as autosomal recessive inheritance. Carrier testing of your partner or donor is recommended in addition to consultation with a genetic counselor for a more detailed risk assessment.
Since this is an inherited gene change, this information may be helpful to share with family members as it may impact their family planning.
Glycogen storage disease type II is an inherited disorder characterized by muscle weakness and breathing problems. Individuals with this disorder cannot break down glycogen due to a shortage of the enzyme acid alpha-glucosidase. Glycogen then builds up to toxic levels in the lysosomes, damaging the body’s organs and tissues.
There are three types of glycogen storage disease type II disease: classic infantile-onset, non-classic infantile-onset, and late-onset. The classic infantile-onset form is characterized by muscle weakness, poor muscle tone, hepatomegaly, and heart defects. Affected infants begin to have symptoms within the first few months of life. Non-classic infantile-onset is characterized by delayed motor skills and progressive muscle weakness. Affected individuals usually die early in childhood. Late-onset glycogen storage disease type II disease is a much milder form of the disorder. Symptoms typically begin in late childhood or adulthood, characterized by progressive muscle weakness and breathing problems that may lead to respiratory failure.
Prognosis is generally poor. Earlier onset of symptoms is typically associated with faster disease progression. Individuals with the classic infantile-onset form typically die within the first year of life, and the survival of those with the non-classic infantile-onset form is usually only early childhood. Those with the late-onset form of glycogen storage disease type II typically die in their twenties or thirties from respiratory failure.
Enzyme replacement therapy is clinically available; however, it is not curative. Management is typically overseen by a group of metabolic specialists. Treatment is otherwise directed at managing an individual’s specific symptoms.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a NxGen client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, call (855) 776-9436. or click the link below.Discuss Your Screening Results