What Does NxGen MDx Screen For?
We screen for up to 120 genetic disorders that can affect your pregnancy, the health of your baby, and your family's future. You can learn more about our various screens — and which sets of screens (or "panels") align with where you are in your reproductive journey.
Methylmalonic Acidemia with Homocystinuria, Cobalamin C Type
What Your Test Results Mean:
Test results indicate that you are a carrier of methylmalonic acidemia with homocystinuria, cobalamin C type. Carriers are not expected to show symptoms. You and your partner or donor would both have to be carriers of methylmalonic acidemia with homocystinuria, cobalamin C type for there to be an increased chance to have a child with symptoms; this is known as autosomal recessive inheritance. Carrier testing of your partner or donor is recommended in addition to consultation with a genetic counselor for a more detailed risk assessment.
Since this is an inherited gene change, this information may be helpful to share with family members as it may impact their family planning.
Methylmalonic acidemia with homocystinuria is an inherited disorder in which the body is unable to properly process protein building blocks (amino acids), certain fats, and cholesterol.
When the condition begins early in life, affected individuals typically have an inability to grow and gain weight at the expected rate, which is sometimes recognized before birth. These infants can also have difficulty feeding and an abnormally pale appearance (pallor). Neurological problems are also common in methylmalonic acidemia with homocystinuria, including weak muscle tone and seizures. Most infants and children with this condition have an unusually small head size, delayed development, and intellectual disability. Less common features of the condition include eye problems and a blood disorder called megaloblastic anemia. Megaloblastic anemia occurs when a person has a low number of red blood cells (anemia), and the remaining red blood cells are larger than normal (megaloblastic). The signs and symptoms of methylmalonic acidemia with homocystinuria worsen over time, and the condition can be life-threatening if not treated.
When methylmalonic acidemia with homocystinuria begins in adolescence or adulthood, the signs and symptoms usually include psychiatric changes and cognitive problems. Affected individuals can exhibit changes in their behavior and personality; they may become less social and may experience hallucinations, delirium, and psychosis. In addition, these individuals can begin to lose previously acquired mental and movement abilities, resulting in a decline in school or work performance, difficulty controlling movements, memory problems, speech difficulties, a decline in intellectual function (dementia), or an extreme lack of energy.
Prognosis is poor for the early onset cases as they often experience early death. Prognosis is better with a later onset of disease.
Treatment for methylmalonic acidemia with homocystinuria, cobalamin C type includes intramuscular injections of hydroxocobalamin, oral betaine, and folic acid. Good metabolic control and correction of hematologic problems can sometimes be achieved with this treatment, but most affected individuals continue to have signs of motor and language delay and intellectual deficit. Early diagnosis and treatment are likely most beneficial.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a NxGen client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, call (855) 776-9436. or click the link below.Discuss Your Screening Results