What Does NxGen MDx Screen For?
We screen for up to 120 genetic disorders that can affect your pregnancy, the health of your baby, and your family's future. You can learn more about our various screens — and which sets of screens (or "panels") align with where you are in your reproductive journey.
Maple Syrup Urine Disease Type 1A/1B
What Your Test Results Mean:
Test results indicate that you are a carrier of maple syrup urine disease type 1A/1B (MSUD). Carriers are not expected to show symptoms. You and your partner or donor would both have to be carriers of MSUD for there to be an increased chance to have a child with symptoms; this is known as autosomal recessive inheritance. Carrier testing of your partner or donor is recommended in addition to consultation with a genetic counselor for a more detailed risk assessment.
Since this is an inherited gene change, this information may be helpful to share with family members as it may impact their family planning.
MSUD is an inherited metabolic disorder named for the characteristic maple syrup smell in the urine of affected individuals. It is due to the lack of an enzyme responsible for processing certain amino acids (branched chain amino acids) properly. The disease is characterized by irritability, poor feeding, lethargy, seizures, and coma in infancy if untreated. Adolescents and adults with MSUD are at increased risk for ADHD, depression, and anxiety disorders. With appropriate medical management, normal growth and development are possible.
Prognosis is dependent upon promptness of diagnosis, management, response to diet, and episodes of metabolic crisis. Some individuals are not responsive to the recommended diet and still experience symptoms. Any neurologic symptoms and/or intellectual disabilities caused by a delay in treatment cannot be reversed. Periods of stress or infection can trigger a life-threatening metabolic crisis, which are associated with significant morbidity and mortality.
Treatment of individuals with MSUD consists of dietary leucine restriction, branched chain amino acid-free medical foods, supplementation with isoleucine and valine, and frequent clinical and biochemical monitoring. For classic MSUD, liver transplant is also an effective therapy. Transplant eliminates dietary restrictions and provides protection from decompensations during illness.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a NxGen client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, call (855) 776-9436. or click the link below.Discuss Your Screening Results