What Does NxGen MDx Screen For?
We screen for up to 120 genetic disorders that can affect your pregnancy, the health of your baby, and your family's future. You can learn more about our various screens — and which sets of screens (or "panels") align with where you are in your reproductive journey.
What Your Test Results Mean:
Carriers are not expected to show symptoms. You and your partner or donor would both have to be carriers of isovaleric acidemia for there to be an increased chance to have a child with symptoms. This is known as autosomal recessive inheritance. Carrier testing of your partner or donor is recommended in addition to consultation with a genetic counselor for a more detailed risk assessment.
Since this is an inherited gene change, this information may be helpful to share with family members as it may impact their family planning.
Isovaleric acidemia is an inherited metabolic condition characterized by an inability to break down the amino acid leucine due to having inadequate levels of the enzyme isovaleryl CoA dehydrogenase. Due to the lack of this enzyme, proteins cannot be processed properly and organic acids, including isovaleric acid, build-up in the body, which can cause a variety of health issues.
Initial symptoms may be present shortly after birth and include vomiting, poor feeding, and lethargy. These symptoms can progress to serious medical concerns such as seizures, coma, and potentially death. The build-up of isovaleric acid causes a distinct odor similar to sweaty feet during acute illness. Other medical problems that characterize this disorder are failure to grow and gain weight at a normal rate (failure to thrive), as well as delays in achieving developmental milestones.
Prognosis is only poor when the condition goes undiagnosed and/or untreated. When left untreated, individuals progress into a coma and death. However, when diagnosed early and properly treated, prognosis is good, and a normal lifespan is expected.
Treatment consists of restricting protein in the diet. Avoiding protein-rich foods, infection, and fasting (going for long periods without eating) can help prevent symptoms of the disease.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a NxGen client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, call (855) 776-9436. or click the link below.Discuss Your Screening Results