What Does NxGen MDx Screen For?
We screen for up to 120 genetic disorders that can affect your pregnancy, the health of your baby, and your family's future. You can learn more about our various screens — and which sets of screens (or "panels") align with where you are in your reproductive journey.
Homocystinuria Due to Cystathionine Beta-Synthase Deficiency
What Your Test Results Mean:
Carriers are not expected to show symptoms. You and your partner or donor would both have to be carriers of homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency for there to be an increased chance to have a child with symptoms. This is known as autosomal recessive inheritance. Carrier testing of your partner or donor is recommended in addition to consultation with a genetic counselor for a more detailed risk assessment.
Since this is an inherited gene change, this information may be helpful to share with family members as it may impact their family planning.
Homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by nearsightedness, dislocation of the lens at the front of the eye, an increased risk of abnormal blood clotting, and osteoporosis or other skeletal abnormalities. Some affected individuals experience developmental delay and intellectual disability. Symptoms of homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency vary in severity and age of onset. The condition is caused by a deficient level of the enzyme cystathionine beta-synthase. Without this enzyme, the body cannot convert homocysteine to cystathionine. As a result, homocysteine builds up in the blood.
Prognosis varies but is typically unfavorable. Affected individuals require careful management to minimize intellectual disability, slow the rate of lens dislocation, and reduce the incidence of seizures. The B6 nonresponsive form of homocystinuria tends to be more severe and does not improve with vitamin B6 supplementation. At age 30, affected individuals with the B6 nonresponsive form of homocystinuria have an approximate 25% chance of mortality.
There is no cure for homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency. Treatment for patients with B6 nonresponsive homocystinuria involves dietary restriction of methionine. Individuals who are B6 responsive should follow a methionine-restricted diet and receive folate and vitamin B12 supplementation. Oral contraceptives should be avoided as they increase the risk of blood clots.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a NxGen client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, call (855) 776-9436. or click the link below.Discuss Your Screening Results