What Does NxGen MDx Screen For?
We screen for up to 120 genetic disorders that can affect your pregnancy, the health of your baby, and your family's future. You can learn more about our various screens — and which sets of screens (or "panels") align with where you are in your reproductive journey.
Homocystinuria Due to MTHFR Deficiency
What Your Test Results Mean:
Carriers are not expected to show symptoms. You and your partner or donor would both have to be carriers of homocystinuria due to MTHFR deficiency for there to be an increased chance to have a child with symptoms; this is known as autosomal recessive inheritance. Carrier testing of your partner or donor is recommended in addition to consultation with a genetic counselor for a more detailed risk assessment.
Since this is an inherited gene change, this information may be helpful to share with family members as it may impact their family planning.
Homocystinuria due to MTHFR deficiency is an inherited disorder characterized by increased levels of homocysteine in the blood and urine. Infants typically do not show symptoms at birth, but if left untreated they may develop low muscle tone, developmental delays, seizures, failure to grow and gain weight at the expected rate, blood clots, and difficulty coordinating movements (ataxia).
There are very common gene variants (C677T and A1298C) that can cause some decrease in MTHFR enzyme function. Individuals with homocystinuria due to MTHFR deficiency tend to have two rare variants or sometimes a rare variant in addition to a common variant. Very rarely people inherit a combination of three or four common variants from their parents (for example two C677T variants and two A1298C variants) and may also develop very high levels of homocysteine in their body.
Prognosis can vary depending upon the severity of the MTHFR deficiency. With early diagnosis and treatment, prognosis is typically favorable.
Treatment involves taking betaine, folinic acid, vitamins B6 and B12, methionine, and methyltetrahydrofolate supplements as prescribed by a provider.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a NxGen client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, call (855) 776-9436. or click the link below.Discuss Your Screening Results