What Does NxGen MDx Screen For?
We screen for up to 120 genetic disorders that can affect your pregnancy, the health of your baby, and your family's future. You can learn more about our various screens — and which sets of screens (or "panels") align with where you are in your reproductive journey.
Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency
What Your Test Results Mean:
Carriers show no symptoms of dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase deficiency (DLD), also referred to as Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD) Type III, and are not at risk to develop symptoms of the disorder. Because risk for offspring depends on both parents’ carrier status, carrier testing regardless of sex is recommended.
DLD is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of vomiting, abdominal pain, and hepatomegaly with or without neurologic symptoms. Onset ranges from infancy to adulthood with limited lifespan in the infantile onset form. Individuals with DLD do not generate enough of the enzyme dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase. Deficiency of this enzyme results in a build up of amino acids and their byproducts in the body, particularly in the nervous system. Dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase is also required to converting pyruvate into ATP, a primary source of energy. Without dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase, the body is not able to produce enough energy. Unlike classic MSUD, lifelong restriction of amino acids is not always effective for treating DLD. Treatment of individuals with DLD is supportive.
How the Genetics Works:
DLD is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by pathogenic variants in the DLD gene. In general, individuals have two copies of the DLD gene. Carriers of DLD have a single variant in one copy of the DLD>/i> gene while individuals with DLD have variants in both copies of their genes. Risk for two carriers to have a child with the disorder is 25%.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a NxGen client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, call (855) 776-9436. or click the link below.Discuss Your Screening Results