What Does NxGen MDx Screen For?
We screen for up to 120 genetic disorders that can affect your pregnancy, the health of your baby, and your family's future. You can learn more about our various screens — and which sets of screens (or "panels") align with where you are in your reproductive journey.
3-Phosphoglycerate Dehydrogenase Deficiency/Neu-Laxova Syndrome
What Your Test Results Mean:
Carriers are not expected to show symptoms. You and your partner would both have to be carriers of phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase deficiency for there to be an increased chance to have a child with symptoms; this is known as autosomal recessive inheritance. Carrier testing of your partner or donor is recommended in addition to consultation with a genetic counselor for a more detailed risk assessment.
Since this is an inherited gene change, this information may be helpful to share with family members as it may impact their family planning.
Phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase deficiency is an inherited condition that prevents the body from synthesizing the amino acid serine. Serine is very important in the brain in the formation of neurotransmitters, neuron cell membranes, and myelin sheath to protect the neurons. The lack of serine causes serious neurological symptoms. Individuals with the more severe infantile onset form may have small head size identifiable by ultrasound during pregnancy. They also typically have recurrent seizures and psychomotor delays within the first year of life. In juvenile onset phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase deficiency, mild developmental delay and seizures are common. Administration of serine during pregnancy has been used to manage the infantile onset form and oral serine has proven to prevent seizures in the juvenile onset form.
The prognosis for phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase deficiency is generally poor. Certain treatments can assist with seizures, but the other symptoms remain and are somewhat progressive.
Amino acid therapy has shown a favorable response in the reduction of seizure activity. Psychomotor development due to high doses of L-serine was only noted in one patient. Prenatal serine dosage was shown to increase head circumference.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a NxGen client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, call (855) 776-9436. or click the link below.Discuss Your Screening Results